In 2011, the Governor launched a history book titled Government House and Western Australian Society 1829-2010 by Jeremy C Martens. The author successfully presented the historian’s perspective that, since the early colonial era, the “House and its grounds can be a useful and valuable lens through which to view the fascinating historical evolution of Western Australia and its people.” To celebrate the opening of the present House in September 1863, this timeline illustrates snapshots of the history of the development of Government House, the State, the Nation and the World for the past 150 years.
Victoria was born at Kensington Palace, London, on 24 May 1819. Her father died shortly after her birth and she became heir to the throne because the three uncles who were ahead of her in succession - George IV, Frederick Duke of York, and William IV - had no legitimate children who survived.
Although not native to Ireland, by the 1800s, the potato had become the staple crop in the poorest regions of Ireland.
Beginning in 1845 and lasting for six years, the potato famine killed over a million men, women and children in Ireland and caused another million to flee the country.
On 9 January 1863, the world’s first underground train pulled out of Paddington station to make the first passenger journey, around three and a half miles to Farringdon, underneath the streets of London.
The assassination of United States of America President, Abraham Lincoln, took place on 14 April 1865, as the American Civil War was drawing to a close. The assassination was planned and carried out by John Wilkes Booth.
Australian sovereigns become legal tender in Britain. 100 years later on 14 February 1966, decimal currency was introduced in Australia.
The Suez canal opened in 1869 making travel between Australia and England much quicker.
Alexander Graham Bell invents the telephone.
This milestone was widely celebrated within every British colony. The Perth festivities lasted a full week, including thanksgiving services; banquets; parades; tree plantings (including in the Government House domain); the unveiling of the Victoria library memorial stone; a street pageant; a children’s parade and sports carnival; torchlight processions; a grand pyrotechnic display; police musical ride and sword exercise.
Boer War begins between Britain and Boer republics in South Africa. Western Australia sends volunteer forces.
Queen Victoria dies after a 64 year reign.
Coronation of King Edward VII.
King Edward VII reigned for only nine years before dying in 1910. He was succeeded by his oldest surviving son, King George V.
The luxury passenger ship S.S. Titanic sinks on her maiden voyage, drowning more than 1,500 people.
The House of Windsor came into being in 1917, when the name was adopted as the British Royal Family's official name by a proclamation of King George V, replacing the historic name of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. It remains the family name of the current Royal Family.
World War One ends on 11 November 1918.
The New York Stock Market crashed on ‘Black Tuesday’, 24 October 1929, causing The Great Depression.
Edward VIII was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth, and Emperor of India, from 20 January 1936 until his abdication on 11 December 1936.
George VI became King unexpectedly following the abdication of his brother, King Edward VIII, in 1936.
WWII ends in the Pacific, with a Japanese surrender on 2 September 1945.
The Prince of Wales, eldest son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, is Heir Apparent to the throne.
The Prince was born at Buckingham Palace on 14 November 1948, and was christened Charles Philip Arthur George.
When, on the accession of Queen Elizabeth in 1952, he became heir apparent, Prince Charles automatically became Duke of Cornwall under a charter of King Edward III dating back to 1337, which gave that title to the Sovereign's eldest son. He also became in the Scottish Peerage, Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick and Baron Renfrew, Lord of the Isles, and Prince and Great Steward of Scotland.
After 16 years on the throne King George VI passed away in his sleep 6 February 1952. His 25-year-old daughter, Princess Elizabeth immediately became Queen.
On 2 June 1953 Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, was crowned at a coronation ceremony in Westminster Abbey in London.
In her Coronation Speech the Queen said: "Throughout all my life and with all my heart I shall strive to be worthy of your trust".
On the morning of 12 April 1961, the 27-year-old Gagarin was waiting to be launched into space atop a 30m-high booster at the Tyuratam test range in Kazakhstan.
As the rocket blasted off Gagarin reportedly said "Poyekhali", or "here we go".
On 20 July 1969, astronaut Neil Armstrong as part of the Apollo 11 mission, became the very first human to step onto the Moon followed only minutes later by fellow astronaut Buzz Aldrin.
Prince William is the elder son of The Prince of Wales and the late Diana, Princess of Wales. He was born at 9.03pm on 21 June 1982, at St Mary’s Hospital, Paddington, London. A bulletin announced that the Royal baby weighed 7lb 1 1/2oz.
On 4 August 1982, Prince William Arthur Philip Louis was christened by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr Robert Runcie, in the Music Room at Buckingham Palace.
On 29 April 2011, following his marriage to Catherine Middleton, the title The Duke of Cambridge was conferred on him by The Queen.
On 31 August 1997 it was reported that Princess Diana had been involved in a serious car accident in Paris and was seriously injured. Later that afternoon it was confirmed that Diana had died from her injuries.
On this day Government House prepared a condolence book and the response was overwhelming, as late as 5.45 pm that day there was still a large queue of people waiting patiently to sign the book.
On September 11, 2001 Islamist terrorists hijacked four planes, two of which were crashed into the twin towers of the World Trade Centre in New York.
On 12 October 2002, 88 Australians died in a terrorist attack in Bali’s nightclub district that killed 202 people and injured a further 240 people.
The Global Financial Crisis and 2008 financial crisis, is considered by many economists the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression of the 1930s. It resulted in the threat of total collapse of large financial institutions, the bailout of banks by national governments, and downturns in stock markets around the world. In many areas, the housing market also suffered, resulting in evictions, foreclosures and prolonged unemployment.
The Queen’s Diamond Jubilee in 2012 was marked with a spectacular central weekend, a series of regional tours throughout the United Kingdom by Her Majesty and Commonwealth visits undertaken by other members of the Royal family in support of The Queen.
His Royal Highness Prince George of Cambridge was born at 4.24pm on 22 July 2013 weighing 8lbs 6oz.
Prince George (George Alexander Louis) is third in the line of succession after his grandfather, His Royal Highness The Prince of Wales and his father, His Royal Highness The Duke of Cambridge.