Goverment House

In 2011, the Governor launched a history book titled Government House and Western Australian Society 1829-2010 by Jeremy C Martens. The author successfully presented the historian’s perspective that, since the early colonial era, the “House and its grounds can be a useful and valuable lens through which to view the fascinating historical evolution of Western Australia and its people.” To celebrate the opening of the present House in September 1863, this timeline illustrates snapshots of the history of the development of Government House, the State, the Nation and the World for the past 150 years.


The World

1837
1838
1839
1840
1845
1846
1847
1848
1863
1864
1865
1866
1867
1868
1869
1870
1871
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1896
1897
1898
1899
1900
1901
1902
1903
1904
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1928
1929
1930
1931
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1968
1969
1970
1971
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1982
1983
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015

1837
His Majesty King William lV dies and The Princess Victoria becomes Queen

Victoria was born at Kensington Palace, London, on 24 May 1819. Her father died shortly after her birth and she became heir to the throne because the three uncles who were ahead of her in succession - George IV, Frederick Duke of York, and William IV - had no legitimate children who survived.

1845
Irish Potato Famine

Although not native to Ireland, by the 1800s, the potato had become the staple crop in the poorest regions of Ireland.

Beginning in 1845 and lasting for six years, the potato famine killed over a million men, women and children in Ireland and caused another million to flee the country.

1863
London Underground

On 9 January 1863, the world’s first underground train pulled out of Paddington station to make the first passenger journey, around three and a half miles to Farringdon, underneath the streets of London.

1865
Abraham Lincoln is Assassinated

The assassination of United States of America President, Abraham Lincoln, took place on 14 April 1865, as the American Civil War was drawing to a close. The assassination was planned and carried out by John Wilkes Booth.

1866
Australian Currency

Australian sovereigns become legal tender in Britain. 100 years later on 14 February 1966, decimal currency was introduced in Australia.

1869
Suez Canal

The Suez canal opened in 1869 making travel between Australia and England much quicker.

1876
Invention of the Telephone

Alexander Graham Bell invents the telephone.

1897
Her Majesty Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee

This milestone was widely celebrated within every British colony. The Perth festivities lasted a full week, including thanksgiving services; banquets; parades; tree plantings (including in the Government House domain); the unveiling of the Victoria library memorial stone; a street pageant; a children’s parade and sports carnival; torchlight processions; a grand pyrotechnic display; police musical ride and sword exercise.

1899
Boer War

Boer War begins between Britain and Boer republics in South Africa. Western Australia sends volunteer forces.

1901
Her Majesty Queen Victoria dies

Queen Victoria dies after a 64 year reign.

1902
Coronation of His Majesty King Edward VII

Coronation of King Edward VII.

1910
His Majesty King Edward Vll dies

King Edward VII reigned for only nine years before dying in 1910. He was succeeded by his oldest surviving son, King George V.

1910
Coronation of His Majesty King George V

1912
The RMS Titanic sinks

The luxury passenger ship S.S. Titanic sinks on her maiden voyage, drowning more than 1,500 people.

1914
World War One begins

1917
House of Windsor

The House of Windsor came into being in 1917, when the name was adopted as the British Royal Family's official name by a proclamation of King George V, replacing the historic name of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. It remains the family name of the current Royal Family.

1918
World War One ends

World War One ends on 11 November 1918.

1929
Stock Market Crash

The New York Stock Market crashed on ‘Black Tuesday’, 24 October 1929, causing The Great Depression.

1936
His Majesty King George V dies

1936
His Majesty King Edward VIII Abdicates

Edward VIII was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth, and Emperor of India, from 20 January 1936 until his abdication on 11 December 1936.

1936
His Majesty King George VI

George VI became King unexpectedly following the abdication of his brother, King Edward VIII, in 1936.

1945
World War II ends in Europe

1945
World War II Ends in the Pacific

WWII ends in the Pacific, with a Japanese surrender on 2 September 1945.

1948
His Royal Highness The Prince of Wales

The Prince of Wales, eldest son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, is Heir Apparent to the throne.

The Prince was born at Buckingham Palace on 14 November 1948, and was christened Charles Philip Arthur George.

When, on the accession of Queen Elizabeth in 1952, he became heir apparent, Prince Charles automatically became Duke of Cornwall under a charter of King Edward III dating back to 1337, which gave that title to the Sovereign's eldest son. He also became in the Scottish Peerage, Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick and Baron Renfrew, Lord of the Isles, and Prince and Great Steward of Scotland.

Queen Elizabeth II of England, in mourning following the death of King George VI of England, February, 1952.

1952
His Majesty King George VI dies

After 16 years on the throne King George VI passed away in his sleep 6 February 1952. His 25-year-old daughter, Princess Elizabeth immediately became Queen.

1953
Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II

On 2 June 1953 Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, was crowned at a coronation ceremony in Westminster Abbey in London.

In her Coronation Speech the Queen said: "Throughout all my life and with all my heart I shall strive to be worthy of your trust".

1959
Vietnam war starts

1961
First man in space

On the morning of 12 April 1961, the 27-year-old Gagarin was waiting to be launched into space atop a 30m-high booster at the Tyuratam test range in Kazakhstan.
As the rocket blasted off Gagarin reportedly said "Poyekhali", or "here we go".

1963
President J.F. Kennedy assassinated

1969
First man on the moon

On 20 July 1969, astronaut Neil Armstrong as part of the Apollo 11 mission, became the very first human to step onto the Moon followed only minutes later by fellow astronaut Buzz Aldrin.

1975
End of Vietnam War

1977
Elvis is dead

1982
His Royal Highness Prince William, The Duke of Cambridge

Prince William is the elder son of The Prince of Wales and the late Diana, Princess of Wales. He was born at 9.03pm on 21 June 1982, at St Mary’s Hospital, Paddington, London. A bulletin announced that the Royal baby weighed 7lb 1 1/2oz.

On 4 August 1982, Prince William Arthur Philip Louis was christened by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr Robert Runcie, in the Music Room at Buckingham Palace.

On 29 April 2011, following his marriage to Catherine Middleton, the title The Duke of Cambridge was conferred on him by The Queen.

Princess Diana Dies

On 31 August 1997 it was reported that Princess Diana had been involved in a serious car accident in Paris and was seriously injured. Later that afternoon it was confirmed that Diana had died from her injuries.

On this day Government House prepared a condolence book and the response was overwhelming, as late as 5.45 pm that day there was still a large queue of people waiting patiently to sign the book.

Fall of Twin Towers

On September 11, 2001 Islamist terrorists hijacked four planes, two of which were crashed into the twin towers of the World Trade Centre in New York.

2002
Bali Bombing

On 12 October 2002, 88 Australians died in a terrorist attack in Bali’s nightclub district that killed 202 people and injured a further 240 people.

2008
Global Financial Crisis

The Global Financial Crisis and 2008 financial crisis, is considered by many economists the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression of the 1930s. It resulted in the threat of total collapse of large financial institutions, the bailout of banks by national governments, and downturns in stock markets around the world. In many areas, the housing market also suffered, resulting in evictions, foreclosures and prolonged unemployment.

2012
Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee

The Queen’s Diamond Jubilee in 2012 was marked with a spectacular central weekend, a series of regional tours throughout the United Kingdom by Her Majesty and Commonwealth visits undertaken by other members of the Royal family in support of The Queen.

2013
His Royal Highness Prince George of Cambridge

His Royal Highness Prince George of Cambridge was born at 4.24pm on 22 July 2013 weighing 8lbs 6oz.

Prince George (George Alexander Louis) is third in the line of succession after his grandfather, His Royal Highness The Prince of Wales and his father, His Royal Highness The Duke of Cambridge.